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All You Need to Know About Acne and its Treatments

Types of Acne

Pimples! This is a word that is dreaded by most teenagers; however, it is not just teenagers who are plagued by pimples. Although acne is a skin condition that is suffered by most teenagers, adult acne is also on the rise. In fact, millions of individuals, both young and old, are affected by acne as it is one of the most common dermatologic conditions. There are two main types of acne which are:

Non-inflammatory acne which is characterized by the presence of blackheads and whiteheads on the affected area. Inflammatory acne which is characterized by the presence of pimples and reddened areas known as papules on the affected area. 

The areas that are most affected by acne is: the face, chest and back. The reason for this is because the sebaceous glands are most prominent in these areas. The sebaceous glands which are the oil producing glands in the body is the gland that is affected by a variety of different factors and result in acne when there is an over-production of oil. 

Forms of Acne

Those who are experiencing acne breakouts may experience one of the below mentioned forms of acne as acne manifests itself in different forms. Lesions may go from comedones and papules to nodules and cysts. 

 

Comedones

These refer to blackheads or whiteheads and falls under the non-inflammatory version of acne.

 

Papules

These are small bumps on the affected area indicating that the hair follicles are being inflamed.

 

Nodules

These are one of the main painful forms of acne which manifests itself in large and solid bumps on the affected area. 

 

Cysts

These are the most painful forms of acne manifesting in the form of painful, pus-filled lumps. 

Adult Acne on the Rise

As mentioned earlier, acne does not only affect teenagers. A rise in adult acne caused by stress, poor diets and pollution can be clearly seen. Recent statistics show that there is a 200% rise in the number of adults who are seeking treatment for acne. Recent statistics also revealed that from the rise in adults seeking acne treatment, one out of every three are thirty-five years or older. 

Different Treatment Options for Acne

There are different treatment options for acne and depending on the stage, the treatment differs. For example, mild cases may resolve with creams while severe cases may require several drugs by mouth and bring disfiguring scars. The main goal of acne treatment is to prevent or minimize pimples and scarring which is why it is very important to start treatment as early as possible to avoid scarring. 

There are many over the counter products which can be suggested by your doctor if you are suffering from mild to moderate cases of acne. In addition, there are a variety of self-treatments or non-prescription treatments such as soap bars, soap liquids, pads, wipes and gels which you can just buy and use to treat mild cases of acne. 

The only drug that cures acne in most patients is Isotretinoin, mostly known by its pharmaceutical name Accutane or Roaccutane. It should be indicated only in specific cases, since contraindications must be considered. 

When it comes to adult acne: different treatments options are also recommended especially if they suffer from severe cases of acne that results in scarring. As their skin is older it does not rejuvenate as easily as the skin of teenagers. In some cases, adults will require additional treatment or more severe treatment than adults. One example of a different treatment that might be required by adults and not teenagers is dermabrasion which is a treatment that involves the removal of the top layer of the skin affected by acne with lasers or a wire brush. Laser treatment is also available to adults which stimulates the growth of new collagen and removes the scar caused by acne. It is important to note that the majority of acne treatment whether they are for the young or the old have side effects so before starting a new acne treatment, it is recommended to find out what the side effects are. 

Tips for Preventing Acne

Although many people see acne as more of a cosmetic problem, acne is more than a cosmetic problem. Acne if left untreated can result in scarring of the face but can also lead to severe cases of depression. This is why it is important to prevent acne as much as possible. Here are a few tips for preventing acne. 

Clean your skin with a soft cloth, warm water and appropriate facial soap at least twice per day

Use skin care products that are oil-free

Try not to scrub your skin when cleaning it

Use make-up that is oil-free

Clean your skin after sweating

 Do not squeeze your pimples


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