While developing red cheeks momentarily due to certain internal or external factors is quite normal, developing them on a consistent basis is certainly a cause of concern. High environmental temperature, heavy physical exercise or even a heightened emotional response as is seen in the case of blushing, may cause your cheeks to go red for a small duration of time. But should the condition persist for a prolonged duration (more than 24 hours), you might have developed Rosacea, in which case it’s advised that you visit a skin expert as soon as possible. The primary symptoms of Rosacea include facial sores, redness of cheeks and other parts of face, swelling as well as dilation of facial blood vessels causing stinging, burning and overtly sensitive skin. This is definitely a skin disorder that should not be ignored, because it might aggravate to a condition wherein the eyes get affected with the development of Ocular Rosacea.
The dilation of blood vessels on and around the face, eyes as well as other parts of the body, leading sores and redness is medically termed as Telangiectasia. Commonly known as Spider Veins, a number of factors like age, pregnancy, lifestyle and exposure to sunlight (UV rays in particular) and fluctuating temperatures are known to trigger this condition. When Telangiectasia is specifically seen in lieu with exposure to UV rays and in conjunction with development of dark spots and wrinkles, the condition is termed as Telangiectatic Photoaging. This dermatological disorder was previously thought to be related to Rosacea, but a team of medical researchers from the University of Michigan have recently uncovered the fact that both of the aforementioned skin disorders are distinct from each other.
There is no one particular factor that has been attributed as the chief causal agent of Rosacea. The dermatological disorder has been observed more commonly in women above the age of 20, and has also been characteristically known to develop when a person is exposed to extreme fluctuating temperatures. Over the years, dermatological research has yielded substantial facts to show that Rosacea is also known to have a genetic basis. Other factors that can be directly attributed to Rosacea include prolonged and direct exposure to sunlight, sunburns, excessive alcohol consumption, spicy food, food rich in histamines, stress, anxiety etc. While in northern Europe, almost 10% of the total population suffers from Rosacea, approximately 5% of North American residents are also known to be afflicted with this skin condition. A recent breakthrough research conducted by a Stanford-based dermatological team has established a definite genetic connect for this disorder.
Despite the high-frequency prevalence of Rosacea amongst a sizeable chunk of the global population, particularly in Europe and North America, the treatment options are limited. In many cases, people mistake it for acne and do not get the disorder diagnosed on time, thereby leading to its spreading to the eyes, eyelids, development of pus-filled pustules as well as abnormal thickening and roughness of skin. Topical Therapy and Antibiotic Treatment is prescribed by most dermatologists once Rosacea is diagnosed, and the treatment mostly needs to continue on a lifelong basis because the redness reappears as soon as the antibiotics are stopped. Therefore, preventive measures like protecting your skin from the sun by regularly applying sunscreen, avoiding extreme temperature fluctuations, spicy food and too much alcohol, need to be adopted. Even if you’ve had a family history of Rosacea, taking care of your skin will reduce your chances of developing this disorder to a great extent.
Chronic Rosacea has been one of the key areas of dermatological research, given its widespread occurrence and limited curative options. Researchers from Louisville and Kentucky have stressed on the fact that good skin care practices can aid in preventing as well as managing Rosacea. While treatments have largely been emphatic about ingestion of antibiotics, it is now being deduced that topical therapies are effective as well for addressing the disorder, and preventing it from aggravating or spreading to the ocular region. The only issue with the use of topical therapy is the possible stinging or burning associated with the application of the topical ointments or serums. But the overall effectiveness of topical treatment has in fact been found to be more effective than any other treatment proposed for Rosacea so far.
All said and done, considering the limited scope of treatment for Rosacea and Telangiectatic Photoaging, it is greatly advised that a good skin care regime be followed as a preventive measure, which includes protecting your skin from the sun, sudden temperature changes, highly spiced food and alcohol.
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